GLASS AND CERAMIC
Ovens for baking and modeling objects
Two materials to be treated very differently
Not just food. Italforni’s specialization goes beyond just the production of food ovens and also extends to the development of heat necessary for the production of glass and ceramic objects.
In fact, they are very different processes. In one case the oven serves to finalize the work, while in the other its use also involves the intermediate phases.
For ceramics this is the final firing, which follows and makes permanent the modeling that took place previously. The temperature almost always exceeds 1000 degrees centigrade, up to levels that depend on the type of clay.
The cooking cycle lasts many hours and must be carefully monitored. The temperature growth and decrease curves vary according to the dough and must be preset precisely, to avoid brittleness or deformation in the object. For glass, on the other hand, we speak of fusion. It represents a fundamental step, which also defines the degree of folding and the presence of
decorations. The required temperature varies according to the type of glass, but is usually between 500 and 1,600 degrees centigrade.
Heat and timing must be carefully managed, also taking into account the different processes to be carried out, such as blowing, bending or molding, for which the temperature must be increased again each time.
Only after the next phase, namely cooling, does the glass object take on a definitive shape.
Precisely because of the great differences in the creation of glass and ceramic objects, Italforni offers a series of highly specialized products, designed to get the most out of each of the two materials.
Discover our ovens for glass and ceramic
Many models specifically designed for the manufacture of the two materials, for impeccable temperature control in every processing phase.
Special products for high temperature processing
In the case of ceramics, the Italforni range offers many choices. For example, the electric Euro model, characterized by 20 settable temperatures, which can be stored in a maximum of 15 programs, or the smaller Mikro model. Gas ovens are also available, such as Tva, Turbogas and Tvr.
For compact-paste ceramics, such as porcelain and stoneware, we suggest using our dedicated lines, with fixed or mobile sole, or the smaller Jolly model (porcelain only).
Finally, for cooking lava stone, our catalog offers an ad hoc oven, with separate “high / low” regulation, automatic management of the chimney shutter and auxiliary rapid cooling.
As far as glass is concerned, our specialized ovens are exclusively electric, given the need to continuously lower and raise the temperature at various stages of processing.
This is the only way to guarantee a perfect fusion and curvature of the material and an efficient and functional decoration.
The peripheral portholes allow an optimal visual control of the chamber, covered in ceramic fiber.
The VTR-C model is a trolley oven, with a tubular structure and press-folded sheet steel paneling. The opening is servo-assisted, bell-shaped.
VTR-160, 200 and 250 have the structure and paneling in press-formed steel sheet. In this case, the opening is electric, clamshell.
VTR / C-35, 50 and 100 are smaller models, with shell opening supported by gas pistons.
From the point of view of electronics, the control panel of the ovens makes 15 programs available to the user, 30 in the VTR-C model.
All products are designed to quickly reach high heat, for a better quality of the finished product.